The Prostate

The Prostate is a small gland the size of a walnut that produces the clear fluid found in semen. The prostate gland is wrapped around the top of the urethra and sits below the bladder and above the penis. Common symptoms of Prostate Cancer include difficulty passing urine, painful urination, overactive bladder and blood or semen in the urine. Most enlargements of the prostate are not cancerous (benign) and are easily treated however it is important to spot the signs quickly as they could be linked to Prostate Cancer.

Cancer of the prostate is more common in older men and can progress slowly without any symptoms. This is why it is important for men over the age of 60 to have a routine check for enlarged prostate. This is a simple test that involves the doctor inserting a finger into the rectum to feel for any lumps that could suggest an enlarged prostate.

Treatment of Prostate Cancer

treatment-of-prostate-cancerThe treatment of Prostate Cancer will depend on the type of malignant tumour involved and whether it is contained within the prostate or the cancer has spread outside the prostate. Treatment methods may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. Hormone therapy is an option works by lowering thetestosterone levels in the body which in turn can reduce the growth of the tumour, sometimes shrinking it so the symptoms disappear completely. Due to the enlargement of the prostate Intermittent Self Catheterisation / Clean Intermittent Catheterisation may be taught or a long termcathete  r may be used to help the bladder empty fully. Hopefully with the appropriate treatment and rapid diagnosis of Prostate Cancer men can go on to lead a good quality of life post treatment.