What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition that affects a person's nerves.  It is caused when your immune system isn't working properly, and is different for everyone.  Symptoms can appear in many parts of your body.  It can cause the slowing of transmission of nerve signals to and from the brain and subsequently affect the movement of muscles.  If the bladder muscles don't work in coordination, this can make urine flow poor and interrupted, and your bladder may not empty incompletely.

Managing Multiple Sclerosis


If your bladder isn’t emptying completely, you may not be able to feel it. However, if you need to go to the toilet for a second time only a short while later and you’re passing a similar amount of urine, this could be a sign that your bladder isn’t emptying fully. Urine left in the bladder – this is called ‘the residual’ – stimulates further bladder contractions and can add to problems of urgency and frequency. Steps would need to be taken to improve bladder emptying.  This can be done by intermittent self-catheterisation (ISC) /clean self-catheterisation (CIC).  A specialist nurse or continence advisor can teach you how to do this.